The first eduLIFE workshop took place in Bamberg on 23-24 March 2012. The topic of this workshop was 'Adult Learning, Returns to Education and Social Inequalities in Modern Societies'. About 30 researchers from all over Europe, Northern America, Australia and Russia presented first evidence on this topic for their country. Moreover, the conceptual framework and the research guide were presented and developed further. The workshop was a great success and an excellent start for the eduLIFE project. All presentations were of high quality and followed up by vivid discussions.